Horton Seed Services

2017 Harvest Summary


Observations made on our farm this wheat harvest.

Dry at planting, -23 degrees, Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus (WSMV), Blizzard, Good moisture, Hot finish. That was the 2017 wheat crop. WSMV contributed to a lot of lost yield in areas this year. We are seeing the really big outbreaks start to move further east from where they usually happen, and it all comes from guys not controlling there volunteer wheat, getting the mite population up, and then all the green bridges we have (corn, milo, crp, grass), letting the virus move around. It is time to get it under control. Going to meetings this spring I was amazed as to how many people really don't understand how it comes on and how far it can move. Time to start having those tough conversations with those guys that created this problem. Attached on our website is some really good literature put together by Erik De Wolf at Kansas State University. This virus is not something a guy wants to have to make his planting decisions based on, because he might be giving up some great varieties that would work well for him.

This is a great article on wheat streak by Eric De Wolf, Sarah Zukoff, and Christain Webb.

Link: Wheat Streak Mosaic

The next big thing that affected wheat yield was the blizzard. The kinked stems tied with the heat we had as the crop finished would be about 30 bushels per acre loss, which came down to the difference between an average crop and a great one. Another thing for farmers to consider when looking at what wheat to plant, is to talk to your seed dealers to see how things are yielding when we get things out onto large acres. Not to take anything away from all the small plot testing that goes on, because it does give us multiple looks across a large area for diseases and other characteristics of a variety, but it appears that some things are not lining up from small plot data to when we get them on the farm. Some varieties are test plot queens and are not cutting it on the farm, and some are yielding on the farm that don’t always show up in the test plots. A lot of it has to do with farming practices and what farmers are willing to do to get a yield. With so many wheats out there, it is our job as seed dealers to be able to filter through it all, and to pick the wheat varieties that will work best for our primary customer base.




LCS Pistol

Pistol is proving to be a great, tough wheat, with a good yield record on the farm. This is T 158 with a yield advantage; but there are a couple things to watch for. It is a medium early maturing variety. I like this wheat in a drier year. It may not be a wheat for everyone though. You will need to pull its seeding rate back, and spray it for stripe rust. It will stand until it doesn't and that is its problem, harvesting conditions can be an issue if it goes flat; but by pulling back your seeding rates you can help get around this issue and have a great yield. Keep it away from wheat streak.


LCS Chrome

This is a new release by Limagrain. It has a very good plant health package and yield history. It is resistant to stripe and leaf rust, and has very good resistance to Barley Yellow Dwarf. It would appear it is a variety that needs to be planted earlier, rather than later in the lineup. It has very good straw strength. It is a wheat that is late to head but will still finish with the rest. This is a middle of the pack wheat, but with its plant health package and typically higher protein, a good wheat for the guy that doesn’t want to spray for rust, or is looking for a protein premium. Keep it away from Wheat Streak.


T-158

This has been a good work horse wheat for us, and it continues to perform. A well-adapted wheat for a lot of areas. We saw this year why this wheat stays around. With its adult plant resistance to stripe rust resistance, and good tolerance to Wheat Streak, it had a good year. Medium-early maturity helped it to finish out and have good test weights, and keep its yield with the hot heat we had at the end to finish.


WB-Grainfield

This is an all-around good wheat. Good yields, plant health, tests weights. This was our best wheat on the farm this year. Medium maturing, medium height. It did not like the wheat streak if it was close to it but still yielded well once we got a couple miles away from it. A must have on the farm, but keep it away from wheat streak.


WB4458

This is a medium-early maturing variety with excellent straw strength, winter hardiness, shatter resistance and yield potential. The thing that stands out to me with this wheat is its straw strength. You could put this on dryland, but there are other better dryland wheats. I like this on low water irrigation, and with its yield potential full irrigation if you are willing to manage it.


WB-Cedar

This is an early maturing variety with excellent straw, very high tillering, and yield. This is a wheat for full irrigation. It is a short wheat which makes it very well suited for irrigation. This is a good choice to follow corn taken for grain, especially late. It is moderately resistant to stripe, rust leaf rust, and intermediate on tan spot. It had great test weight and protein for the year. This is my number one irrigated wheat.


Tam 112

This is the wheat that has been on our farm the longest. High yield, high tiller, and weak straw. We have to really pull the population back on this wheat to keep it standing, and it seems to work well. It has wheat curl mite resistant. You will have to spray it for rust. If you are in a drier area, and a low cost producer, this is still a very tough wheat to beat.


Byrd

Another great year for this variety. This is a wheat you will have to spray for stripe rust. It has excellent drought tolerance and yield. It performed very well against wheat streak this year on a mild infection; this wheat has some of the same wheat curl mite resistance that Tam 112 has. It has good tillering and a medium long coleoptile. It has average straw strength. I like this wheat because of its high yield potential, and it will still give you something if times get tough. Just remember, spray it early for rust.


Joe

Joe is a new white wheat. It is a very well rounded wheat with excellent yield. It is medium-late maturing, medium-tall wheat, with stripe rust resistance. This wheat is caring WSM2 gene which has resistance to wheat streak mosaic up to 70 degrees; it is not 100% but as good as it gets going up against mosaic. It is a top yielder, and with its maturity and the heat we had to finish in says a lot about how good this wheat is, as it was up at the top of our farm again this year. If you can handle a white wheat this is a must have on the farm.